The states responded by increasing the number of years of schooling required, lengthening the school year, and enforcing truancy laws more effectively. Library of Congress Today in History Accessed 9. It is clear from these findings that children made up a large portion of the work force in textile mills during the nineteenth century.
In most situations, every able family member was needed to work to simply keep the family above the poverty level. Children as young as six years old during the industrial revolution worked hard hours for little or no pay. To survive in even the lowest level of poverty, families had to have every able member of the family go to work.
This labor force was made up of millions of newly arrived immigrants and vast numbers of families migrating from rural areas to cities with the hope of job security and prosperity. The Extent of Child Labor The significance of child labor during the Industrial Revolution was attached to both the changes in the nature of child labor and the extent to which children were employed in the factories.
The increase in industry resulted in a growth among the blue collar working class.
Describe the labor force during the Industrial Revolution? When they did earn wages, children often earned 10 to 20 percent of what an adult would earn for the same job.
Their efforts and investments in machinery led to a rise in real wages, to a growing abundance of goods at lower prices, and to an incomparable improvement in the general standard of living. With a dream of a better life, rural families relocated to the cities to find work.
Instead, child labor was a regional phenomenon where a high incidence of child labor existed in the manufacturing districts while a low incidence of children were employed in rural and farming districts. Those fortunate enough to be enrolled often attended only portions of a school day or only a few weeks at a time.
Many factory owners claimed that employing children was necessary for production to run smoothly and for their products to remain competitive.
Though it is inaccurate to judge capitalism guilty of the sins of parish apprenticeship, it would also be inaccurate to assume that free labor children worked under ideal conditions in the early days of the Industrial Revolution.
The mass exodus from the continent to increasingly capitalist, industrial Britain in the first half of the nineteenth century strongly suggests that people did indeed find the industrial order an attractive alternative.
Punishments such as this would often be dispensed under stringent rules. Machinery often ran so quickly that little fingers, arms and legs could easily get caught.At the time this book was published inClark Nardinelli was teaching economics at Clemson University.
He wrote in the Preface, "My interest in British child labor during the industrial revolution arose from idle curiosity 5/5(1). Child Labor and the British Industrial Revolution.
Friday, October 23, Lawrence W. Reed. History Economic History Child Labor.
Profound economic changes took place in Great Britain in the century after This was the age of the Industrial Revolution, complete with a cascade of technical innovations, a vast increase in production, a. Industrial Revolution Timeframe. This lesson is about child labor during the Industrial Revolution, but first let's make sure we understand what the Industrial Revolution was.
The term Industrial Revolution is used to describe the period of tremendous technological and industrial advances which took place between the midth and midth centuries. Although children had been servants and apprentices throughout most of human history, child labor reached new extremes during the Industrial Revolution.
Children often worked long hours in dangerous factory conditions for very little money. Childhood Lost:Child Labor During the Industrial Revolution Resource Booklet | Primary Source Set Introduction In the years that followed the Civil War, known as the “Rise of Industrial America, – ” on the American Memory Timeline of the Library of Congress Learning Page, the United States emerged as an industrial giant.
This website is to show how the changes during the Industrial Revolution have affected factory work life mainly for children, but also for women.Download